ESL programs allow students who speak a language other than English at home to explore academic content in schools through the use of visual aids, gestures, and simplified English. We provide “wait time” so students can formulate their responses and have an opportunity to express themselves in English. We tailor the instruction to meet the students’ language needs by using the proficiency standards. One challenge is helping students learn new language to access to academic content which is distinct from their social language. We help students improve their English across the language domains: speaking, listening, reading and writing.