You are invited on the trip of a lifetime!!! Hurry, there are only a few spots left. Please attend an informational meeting at Aspire in room 204 on Tuesday February 2nd at 6pm.
If you are unable to attend but would like information about the trip please email Ms. Valera at firstname.lastname@example.org
Below is an academic vocabulary list of literary devices that will be discussed and assessed throughout the school year.
Personification-A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman object or animal is given human characteristics. “Mushroom are meek, yet slightly sinister creatures.”
Simile-A figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two unlike things using like or as. “Trains pass with windows shining like a smile full of teeth.”
Metaphor-A figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects. “Time is a jet plane.”
Imagery-Words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses. Writers use imagery to create a specific effect, to emphasize key words or to imitate sounds.—to show how their subjects look, sound, smell, taste and feel. “The sound begins again: The siren in the night. The thunder at the door. The shriek of nerves in pain. The keen crescendo of faces split by pain. The wordless, endless wail only the unfree know.”
Literal Language-Language where words are used strictly as the dictionary intends.
Figurative Language-Language where words are used to express meaning in fresh, colorful and interesting ways.
Hyperbole-Exaggeration for effect. Writers use hyperbole to create humor, to emphasize particular points, and to create dramatic effects. “His jaw dropped to the floor and his eyes bulged out.”
Alliteration-The repetition of initial consonant sounds. It is often used to create a musical or rhythmic effect, to emphasize key words or to imitate sounds. “Helplessly hoping her harlequin hovers near by, awaiting a word.”
Onomatopoeia-The formation of words by imitating sounds. Hiss, crash, buzz, neigh, ring and jingle are examples.
Idiom-A figurative expression that has a meaning all its own. Examples: Go play in the street. She has a soft heart. You drive me up the wall. You’re pulling my leg. Lend me a hand.
Allusion-A reference to a person, place, thing, literary work, or work of art which invites comparison to an element in a piece of literature. Allusions often come from the Bible of Mythology and writers often expect their readers to be familiar with the things to which they refer.
Symbolism-A symbol is anything that stands for or represents something else. Symbols are usually concrete object or images that represent abstract ideas. Doves symbolize peace; a heart symbolizes love; flag symbolizes patriotism; chains symbolize slavery, oppression and eagle symbolizes freedom.
Allegory-A story, poem or picture that can interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning. Aesop’s fables are examples of allegories. Meaning is similar to that of Allusion.
Flashback-A transition scene that interrupts the chronological sequence of an event of earlier occurrence. Going back in time to tell a separate event.
Foreshadowing-In a literary work, the use of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur.
Point of View-The perspective or vantage point from which a story is told. The three most common points of view in narrative literature are first person, omniscient third-person and limited third person. (Narrator is a character and tells the story).
Irony-Name given to literary techniques that involve surprising, interesting and amusing contradictions. Verbal irony occurs when words are used to suggest the opposite of their usual meaning.
Cliffhanger-Plot device in which the end is curiously abrupt so the main characters are left in a difficult situation without offering any resolution of conflicts. Suspense is created so that readers are left to ask, “What will happen next?”’
Second quarter is off to a wonderful start. Students are reading the novel Bronx Masquerade by Nikki Grimes. While students read, they are keeping a novel study guide in their composition books. Students are also keeping a list of figurative words and phrases. Every Monday is novel guide check off day, so students will have a grade for keeping their novel guides up to date.
Below is a copy of the study guide. To see which sections are covered each week, check Class Assignments and Handouts.
In your composition book keep a list of figurative words and phrases--those not meant to be taken literally. Figurative language uses words in fresh, new ways to appeal to the imagination. Figurative language includes similes, metaphors, extended metaphors, hyperbole, symbolism, alliteration, and personification. What is impossible or difficult to convey to a reader through the literal use of language may be highly possible through the use of figurative language.
As we read, answer the following questions in a thoughtful, complete manner using Q&A. Use text based details when possible. Keep these answers in your composition book along with your figurative examples. Use names and headings to help organize your work in a meaningful way.
Wes p. 3
Tyrone p. 7
Continue to list figurative words and phrases in your composition books
Chankara p. 12
Raul p. 18
Leslie p. 51
Lupe p. 65
Tyrone p. 69
Janelle p. 70
Devon p. 82
Sterling S. Hughes p.87
Diondra p. 95
Tyrone p. 101
Amy p. 102
Tyrone p. 121
News at Five p.130
Lupe p. 146
Porscha p. 1157
Tyrone p. 162
Post reading questions: